Laughter makes us human is the theme of these two classic works, one by the english novelist george meredith, the other by the celebrated french philosopher henri bergson written some hundred years ago, largely in response to what their authors saw as the dehumanization of man in the industrial. Time and free will: an essay on the immediate data of consciousness, authorised tr f l pogson, london and new york, george allen/macmillan 1910 laughter an essay on comedy: george meredith laughter: henri bergson, intr w sypher, new york, doubleday 1956 mm matter and memory, tr n m paul and. Title, comedy: an essay on comedy volume 87 of doubleday anchor books authors, george meredith, henri bergson editor, wylie sypher contributor, wylie sypher edition, reprint publisher, doubleday, 1956 length, 260 pages subjects literary criticism semiotics & theory comedy laughter literary criticism. Suto, m (1979) some neglected aspects of veblen's social thought social science quarterly 60(3): 439–53 google scholar sypher, w (1956) the meanings of comedy in: sypher, w (ed) comedy 'an essay on comedy' by george meredith and 'laughter' by henri bergson berkeley, ca: johns hopkins university press. Comedies and tragedies also differ in their audience appeal hazlitt tells us when watching comedy we laugh at what disappoints our expectations in trifles but henri bergson warns us to expect laughter without feeling bergson also believes that a group is necessary for comedy to work george meredith says that.
Recommended citation lee, sandra marie, john osborne and the ironic comedy of failure: a study of comic subject and techniques (1975) the concept of ironic comedy is constant in osborne's plays and stagecraft, but it is not henri bergson, laughter, an essay on comedy, george meredith laughter, henri. The analyses that follow, therefore, though depending primarily on the work of sigmund freud and henri bergson, will also employ the arguments of related theorists: rapp the first step toward a workable theory of laughter seems to me to be a necessary distinction between laughter and comedy. Buy comedy: an essay on comedy by george meredith laughter by henri bergson soft cover by wylie sypher (isbn: 9780801823275) from amazon's book store everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. According to bergson,6 is the mechanization of organic move- ments, the humor is a psycho- physical phenomenon writ large, of which laughter is the physical aspect the causes of physical laughter are legion, and, as darwin2 has observed, extremely complex spencer 1 meredith, george: an essay on comedy, p.
Bergson's theory of the comic in the light of english comedy i from plato onward many of the world's greatest thinkers have attempted to tell the meaning of laughter it is not surprising that the thing has proved alluring, for whereas a true theory of laughter might add little to our enjoyment of the comic it. This pin was discovered by leslie beard discover (and save) your own pins on pinterest. A his observation,written in 1900 by henri bergson, in the conclusion to his essay laughter, ironically silvery laughter that george meredith applauds rather it re- verberates to the maniacal, paranoid laughter in alice walker's 1982 work, the color purple, a comedy the novel is arguably bleaker than many of.
In laughter, bergson articulated a concept which has become key to vitalist theories of humor: that laughter arises out of our perception of something mechanical there are many scenes in senior comedy which are too fragile for outright laughter, evoking more what george meredith termed a humor of the mind (470. And in defining it one further finds that the comedy can only be understood by defining the experience both of reading frankenstein, and books like it, and of remembering comedy: an essay on comedy by george meredith and laughter by henri bergson, introduction by wylie sypher (garden city, ny, 1956), p 84. Sigmund freud, on the other hand, distinguished joking from humor precisely in terms of social structure of joking as opposed to the non-social structure of humor (p 280) from henri bergson laughter (1900) in comedy: an essay on comedy by george meredith and laughter by henri bergson, ed and trans.
In wylie sypher (ed), comedy: 'an essay on comedy' by george meredith, ' laughter' by henri bergson (pp 61-190) baltimore: john hopkins university press black, m (2012) narrative and spatial form in digital media: a platform study of the scumm engine and ron gilbert's the secret of monkey island games and. Comedy: an essay on comedy by george meredith laughter by henri bergson [ wylie sypher] on amazoncom free shipping on qualifying offers bergson's essay looks at comedy within a wider field of vision, focusing on laughter and on what makes us laugh his study examines comic characters and comic acts. Arnheim, rudolf, to the rescue of art: twenty six essays, university of california press, 1992 see chapter: 'caricature: the rationale of deformation' bergson, henri, 'laughter' in george meredith, comedy, doubleday anchor books, 1956 callois, roger, man, play and games, macmillan publishing, 1961 corrigan.